Embaixada da Ethiopia em Brasília - Ethiopia Embassy in Brasilia Localizado em
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Embaixada da Etiópia
Brasília, Brasil
Week

October 7, 2016

News in brief

Africa and the African Union

The 15 members of the UN Security Council jointly announced their decision to select Antonio Guterres of Portugal as the ninth Secretary-General of the United Nations on Wednesday (October 5). According to UN tradition, the UN Security Council's decision is expected to be endorsed by the full 193 members of the UN General Assembly.

Amnesty International in its latest report on the refugee crisis, ‘‘Tackling the global refugee crisis: From shirking to sharing responsibility,'‘ said that five African countries, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, DRC and Chad together with Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Iran and Turkey, accommodated over 50% of the world's global refugees. In Africa, Ethiopia hosted the most refugees -736,000, followed by Kenya with 553,900; Uganda, 477,200; DRC, 383,100; and Chad, 369,500. The report condemned wealthy countries for evading responsibility.

The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Dlamini-Zuma has appointed Ambassador Joram Mukama Biswaro from Tanzania as Special Representative and head of the AU Liaison Office in South Sudan (AULOSS). He replaces Brigadier General Sara Thomas Rwambali. A statement on Sunday (October 2) underlined the role of the AULOSS in supporting the political and security processes in South Sudan and the AU's overall objective in finding a sustainable solution to the challenges of peace, security and development.

Ethiopia

Ethiopia declared three days of national mourning over the death of 55 people following a stampede at the annual Oromo Irrecha thanksgiving festival on Sunday (October 2). Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn expressed his deepest condolences and sympathy for the loss of lives to the families and relatives of the victims on behalf of the government and of himself. 

The President of Togo, President Faure Essozimma Gnassingbe made a three-day official visit to Ethiopia this week (October 4 – 6). 

Prime Minister Hailemariam officially inaugurated the Ethiopia-Djibouti Railway on Wednesday (October 5) in the presence of Djibouti's President Guelleh, Togo's President Gnassingbe and the Special Envoy of the Chinese President and Chairman of China's National Development and Reform Commission, Xu Shaoshi. 

Prime Minister Hailemariam met with a United Arab Emirates business delegation led by Chairman of Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Majid Saif Al Ghurair, on Thursday (October 6) and discussed ways to boost Ethio-Dubai investment ties. The Chamber has plans to build specialized industrial parks that will encourage more Emirati investors to do business in Ethiopia.

Foreign Minister Dr. Tedros Adhanom and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic, Miroslav Laj?ák, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of bilateral consultation on Saturday (October 1).  An Ethio-Slovakia business roundtable discussion was held on Friday (September 30) co-organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Embassy of Slovakia in Addis Ababa. 

State Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Taye Atske-Selassie met with a high-level delegation from the European Union Commission on Friday (October 7). The Head of the delegation, Mr. Olivier Onidi, European Commission Deputy Director General, HOME, said the EU was keen to enhance cooperation with Ethiopia, particularly for promoting regional peace and security and dealing with the challenge of migration.

State Minister, Ambassador Taye met the UN Assistant Secretary General for the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, El Ghasim Wane on Friday (October 7). Mr. Wane briefed Ambassadro Taye on the recent field visit of his office to UNMISS and underlined the importance of political processes to implement the cessation of hostilities agreement in South Sudan. 

The United Arab Emirates business delegation, headed by Majid Saif Al Ghurair, met with State Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Taye, on Thursday (October 6). The State Minister emphasized that Ethiopia welcomes investment by UAE enterprises.

The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund concluded its 2016 Article IV consultations with the Government of Ethiopia last week, describing Ethiopia's growth outlook over the medium term as "positive". 

Djibouti

President Ismail Omar Guelleh attended the inauguration of the new Djibouti to Addis Ababa railway in Addis Ababa on Wednesday (October 5). 

Eritrea

Italy remembered the third anniversary of the Lampeduza tragedy on October 3, 2013, the sinking of a boat off the island of Lampeduza in which 368 refugees, mostly asylum seekers from Eritrea and Somalia, drowned in sight of land. 

The Supreme Court of British Columbia decided this week that the court had jurisdiction in a case filed by Eritreans accusing the Canadian Mining Company Nevsun Resources of using slave labor at the Bisha mine

Kenya

President Uhuru Kenyatta said this week that the Kenyan government has submitted the name of Kenya's Foreign Affairs Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed to be the next head of the African Union (AU) Commission. The list of candidates for the post will be circulated on October 14 in readiness for the election to take place at the next AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government in January 2017.

Kenya has extended indefinitely the amnesty offered to youths who were lured into joining Al-Shabaab after being promised financial support.  In previous rehabilitation exercises, the government found that most returnees said that unemployment was the main reason why they had joined Al-Shabaab as it had offered them financial support.

Somalia

The Federal Indirect Electoral Implementation Team announced a two day extension for submission of names of the candidates for the Upper House this week. There are fears the elections may face further delay. This followed earlier extensions for the electoral dates, and the UN Security Council issued a press statement on Friday (September 30) calling for all parties to ensure the revised timetable would be met.

General Abdullahi Gafow, head of the National Intelligence and Security Agency announced on Sunday (October 2) that 1,500 members of the agency had been sacked for failure to perform their duties effectively.

The United Nations has appointed former Kenyan ambassador to Somalia, Mohamed Abdi Affey, previously IGAD Special Envoy to Somalia, as its first Special Envoy for Somali refugees. A UN statement said the appointment, initially for six months, was in response to "recent security and political gains in parts of Somalia, along with growing pressures on host countries and related asylum fatigue."

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Monday (October 3) announced the appointment of Hubert Price of the United States as Head of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS). Mr. Price has more than 20 years of experience in UN peacekeeping operations, most recently as Director of Mission Support in the UN Mission in Liberia and as Acting Assistant Secretary-General for the Department of Field Support until June 2016.

Traditional elders attending the inter-state formation conference for Hiiraan and Middle Shabelle have voted to assign Jowhar as the new state capital. Jowhar is currently hosting the second phase of the inter-state conference. The Interior Ministry said the conference will end in mid October with the formation of the new state after the third phase of the conference provides for the selection of new parliamentarians and the a head of the state's administration.

A survey by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation covering human development, safety and the of rule of law, participation and human rights as well as sustainable economic development aspects, concluded that Somalia was ranked as the worst country on the African continent.

AMISOM's Deputy Force Commander, Major General Mohammedesha Zeyinu, who was in charge of AMISOM Operations and Planning, has handed over to Major General Abreha Tesfay. At a brief ceremony at AMISOM Force Headquarters, Force Commander Lt. General Osman Noor Soubagleh, paid tribute to Major General Zeyinu's contribution in restoring security in Somalia including the expulsion of Al-Shabaab from major cities in Somalia.

Turkey's first military base in Africa, in Mogadishu will become operational shortly for Turkish military officers to train Somali soldiers.  Around 200 Turkish personnel will be deployed at the base to carry out a training program for over 10, 000 Somali soldiers. Turkey has been providing military assistance to Somalia for over five years.  

The President of Puntland, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas, announced this week that Puntland was facing a severe drought, and called for collective intervention to avoid a worsening situation. Hundreds of nomadic families were facing severe water shortages. He appealed to the public and International community for aid to support drought stricken nomadic communities.

South Sudan

The Mo Ibrahim Foundation's latest survey on human development, safety and the of rule of law, participation and human rights as well as sustainable economic development aspects ranked South Sudan as the second lowest country in Africa, scoring zero in all the areas of governance. The governance index measures each of Africa's countries in 95 criteria, with additional data from Afrobarometer, which polls public perceptions of issues such as corruption, economic opportunity and human rights.

South Sudan Cabinet Affairs Minister, Martin Elias Lomoro, said at the weekend that the government would cooperate with the Rapid Deployment Force to implement the peace accord and protect Juba airport and other vital installations.

US National Security Advisor,  Susan Rice, met South Sudan's First Vice-President, Taban Deng on Tuesday (0ctober 4). She deplored the role of the South Sudan government in obstructing the UNMISS operations in South Sudan and stressed the need for a rapid deployment of the Regional Protection Force. She also emphasized the need for the government to engage opposition groups in dialogue and to govern without domination by a single ethnic group or political party.

Sudan

President al-Bashir and President el-Sisi of Egypt held a Presidential Summit of the Egyptian-Sudanese Higher Committee on Wednesday (October 5) in Cairo. President al-Bashir reiterated the need to energize the joint mechanisms for cooperation between Sudan and Egypt. President el-Sisi said the two sides should undertake practical steps to nurture their bilateral relations. They subsequently signed a comprehensive strategic partnership agreement.

Sudan has announced that several African leaders and chiefs of regional organizations are expected to attend the concluding sessions of the country's National Dialogue Conference on Monday (October 10) including the Presidents of Chad, Egypt, Mauritania and Uganda as well as the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, the Secretary Generals of the Islamic Cooperation Organization and the Arab League and representatives from the United Nations as well as Russia and China.

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