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Embaixada da Etiópia
Brasília, Brasil

August 26, 2016.

News in Brief

Africa and the African Union

The Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) Summit preliminary session at higher officials' level opened at the Kenyatta International Convention Center in Nairobi, Kenya on Tuesday, (August 23). It continues to Sunday, (August 28).  TICAD VI, co-organized by the Government of Japan, the African Union Commission (AUC), the UNDP, the World Bank Group and the United Nations, brings together Heads of State and Government, leaders of international and regional organizations, private sector stakeholders and over 10,000. 

US Secretary of State, John Kerry, accompanied by the US Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, the National Security Council Director for Africa, and the US Special Envoy for South Sudan, met with President Kenyatta on a visit to Nairobi on Monday (August 22). He also held a meeting with the Foreign Ministers of Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Somalia, and South Sudan. Discussions centered on ways to prevent South Sudan from sliding back into civil war and to advance political transition in Somalia. 

IGAD's Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN) in collaboration with the Nairobi-based Hekima Institute of Peace Studies and International Relations is running the second round of its certificate course in Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution at the Hekima Campus in Nairobi this month (August 21- 31). Participants are CEWARN field monitors from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda. The training will allow them to develop solid plans to strengthening their activities on the ground.


Prime Minister Hailemariam told UNEP Executive Director Erik Solheim this week that  Ethiopia was paying due attention to the Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy and Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) in order to curb the adverse effects of climate change. Mr. Solheim, who said UNEP was determined to fully support Ethiopia's environmental strategies, particularly in waste management, visited the Adama II Wind Farm, capacity 153 Mw, on Tuesday (August 23). He said he was very impressed with the variety of renewable energy sources Ethiopia was using. 

Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn expressed his deep sorrow over the deaths of so many Italians following the earthquake in central Italy in a message to Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and the people of Italy. The number of dead has now risen to 247. The Prime Minister also conveyed his condolences to the families of the victims. Foreign Affairs Minister Tedros Adhanom also expressed his condolences to Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni, and to the families of the victims and people of Italy.

President Mulatu Teshome met the outgoing French Ambassador to Ethiopia, Brigitte Collet at the National Palace on Wednesday (August 24). They agreed that Ethiopia and France should strengthen their ties in the fight against terrorism and in technology transfer, climate resilience programs, peace and security.

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Dr. Tedros Adhanom addressed a high level event on maternal health in Africa, taking place at the margins of the 6th Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) in Nairobi on Friday (August 26). Dr. Tedros said effective interventions for maternal mortality reduction, enhancing investment in reproductive health and expanding health information services and promoting innovations in support of maternal health were crucial to bring tangible and transformative change in maternal health in Africa.

State Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Taye Atske-selassie said farewell to outgoing US Ambassador, Patricia Haslach on Thursday (August 25). He thanked Ambassador Haslach for her "phenomenal service" in Ethiopia and the tremendous contribution she has made to lift the Ethio-US bilateral relationship to new heights, including facilitating President Obama's visit to Ethiopia and organizing the US-Africa Business Forum. Ambassador Haslach described Ethiopia as "such a strong development partner" and said its progress was a testament to the government's commitment on the growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII). She looked forward to the further strengthening of the relationship and the deepening of bilateral cooperation.  

State Minister Ambassador Taye Atske-selassie briefed Addis Ababa-based Ambassadors of Europe, the Americas, the Middle East, Asia and Africa over the last week on the current situation in Ethiopia, meeting African Ambassadors on Friday last week (August 19), Middle East and Asian Ambassadors on Monday (August 22, 2016) and with the Ambassadors from Europe and the Americas on Tuesday (August 23), to talk about recent protests that have occurred in parts of Amhara and Oromia Regional States and the government's responses. 

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia held a consultative meeting with the co-hosts of the Leaders Summit on Refugees due to be held on September 20 on the margins of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly in New York. State Minister, Ambassador Taye noted that Ethiopia as the leading host for refugees in Africa was doing its best to make refugees part of the country's sustainable development program.

State Minister Ambassador Taye Atske-selassie held discussions with the World Food Program regional director, Ms. Valerie Guarnieri on Thursday (August 25). Ms. Guarnieri extended her gratitude to Ethiopia for rendering support to the resumption of the World Food program's air operations to South Sudan. Ambassador Taye underlined Ethiopia's unremitting commitment to see a secured, prosperous and stable sub region and a peaceful and thriving continent.

State Minister, Ambassador Taye met the Special Envoy for the Finland Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Pekka Olavi Haavisto on Tuesday (August 23).  Ambassador Taye emphasized that Ethiopia was determined to strengthen and deepen its strategic partnership and cooperation with Finland for the benefit of the people of both countries.

State Minister Ambassador Taye, received on Thursday (August 25) a copy of the credentials of the newly appointed Ambassador of Mexico to Ethiopia, Ambassador Trevino Victor.  Ambassador Taye emphasized that Ethiopia valued its historic relations with Mexico and applauded the support and solidarity extended by the people and government of Mexico when Ethiopia faced Fascist Italian aggression in 1935.

State Minister Ambassador Taye received a copy of the credentials of the newly appointed Ambassador of the Netherlands, Mr. Bengt van Loosdrecht on Thursday (August  25).Discussions focused on strengthening friendship and bilateral ties between the two countries as well as cementing multi-lateral cooperation.  They also focused on widening and enhancing partnerships in trade, investment, migration, floriculture and horticulture, food processing and development cooperation.


U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, on Monday (August 22) met President Kenyatta in Nairobi to discuss the security situation in South Sudan, Somalia and the problems of combating terrorism. He also discussed the next presidential election in Kenya, due in August 2017, and reports of extra-judicial killings. Mr. Kerry, who said President Obama was deeply concerned about the reports, said the US and Kenya had agreed to set up a joint task force to help guard against forced disappearances.

Mr. Kerry, during his visit to Nairobi, announced that the United States would be providing more than US$146 million in additional U.S. humanitarian assistance to support refugees, voluntary returnees, and drought victims in Kenya and Somalia. The funding includes US$59 million for the UNHCR to protect and assist refugees in Kenya, and support voluntary refugee return to Somalia. Another US$87 million is for food and non-food support for refugees and drought victims in Kenya and Somalia. This brings the total of U.S. humanitarian assistance in Kenya and Somalia to nearly US $265 million in fiscal year 2016.


President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud met with Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, in Abu Dhabi on Monday (August 22) and reviewed areas of co-operation in economic, developmental, political and security areas. President Mohamud briefed the Crown Prince on Somali developments and the government's efforts to fight terrorism. He stressed that UAE humanitarian, development and economic assistance contributed significantly to boost security and stability in Somalia.

Kenya's Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs Minister, Ambassador Amina Mohamed during a joint press conference with John Kerry on Monday (August22) called on the US to support Africa's bid to transform AMISOM into a UN mission, and for more financial support for AMSOM, following the European Union's 2% budget cut in February this year. Mr. Kerry said the US was committed to supporting AMISOM. Last week, the head of AMISOM, Ambassador Madeira expressed dismay at the slow pace at which the UN was moving to enable AMISOM to acquire force multipliers

AMISOM's Force Commander, Lt. General Osman Noor Soubagleh said on Monday (August 22) that closer collaboration between AMISOM and the Somali National Armed Forces would be key to securing the upcoming electoral process and countering Al-Shabaab activities. General Soubagleh was addressing a four-day planning conference in Mogadishu to facilitate planning, preparation and coordination of security efforts and operations.  Senior AMISOM officers and sector commanders attended.

The death toll from a double suicide car bombing in Galkayo, in Puntland, on Sunday (August 21) has risen to 27, with nearly 90 injured. Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack, which targeted a government building housing government officials but the explosions also badly damaged neighboring buildings and destroyed a nearby market.

General Mohamed Ali Samatar, former Vice-President, Prime Minister and Defense Minister under Siad Barre's presidency, died in Virginia, US on Friday (August 19). He was 85. Educated in Italy and Russia, he joined the government in 1971, three years after General Siad Barre had seized power in a military coup in 1969. General Samatar was given a state funeral in Mogadishu on Thursday this week (August 25).

President Silanyo of Somaliland last weekend visited Sool region one of the regions together Sanaag and C'ayn, in dispute between Somaliland and Puntland. They also make up the self-proclaimed Khaatumo administration which has been at odds, sometimes violently, with both Somaliland and Puntland in the last few years.

A petition calling for international recognition for the self-proclaimed Republic of Somaliland gathered more than 1, 021,000 signatures, according to Sa'ad Ali Shire, Somaliland's foreign minister who said "This petition letter reflects the needs of the Somaliland people, thus it is our hope that the international community will respect and consider their feeling."

South Sudan

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on Monday (August 22) urged South Sudan's leaders to "get the job done" by fully implementing the Peace Agreement or face a U.N. arms embargo and sanctions. Mr. Kerry's warning followed his meetings with Kenyan President Kenyatta and with regional foreign ministers to discuss escalating violence in South Sudan and the deployment of a U.N. authorized regional protection force. Mr. Kerry emphasized that that the main task of this force would be to protect property and civilians in Juba. 


Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour met with US Secretary of State, John Kerry, in Nairobi on Tuesday (August 23) to emphasize that the government was determined to resume negotiations to reach a cessation of hostilities paving the road to complete the national dialogue and achieve stability and national consensus. A communiqué after the meeting said Mr. Kerry expressed his country's support for the national dialogue and mentioned the importance of Sudan's role in addressing regional issues. The acting U.S Chargé de Affairs in Khartoum said the US government was ready to help the parties reach a peace agreement.